Kidney and Bladder Cancers

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Nuvance Health™ Cancer Institute provides the full range of care for kidney cancer and bladder cancer. A team of specialists customize a treatment plan for your unique needs, to help ensure the best possible outcome.
What are Kidney Cancer and Bladder Cancer?

The kidneys are two organs about the size of your fist located on either side of your spine. They filter your blood to remove waste and extra water, creating urine. Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer in adults.


Your bladder is a hollow organ in your lower pelvis that stores urine. Urothelial carcinoma, or transitional cell carcinoma, affects the cells that line the inside of the bladder. It’s the most common type of bladder cancer.

Kidney Cancer and Bladder Cancer Care at Nuvance Health: Why Choose Us?

At Nuvance Health, you can access comprehensive care for kidney cancer and bladder cancer, without traveling far. We provide: 

  • Experienced specialists
    Your specialists are board-certified in urology, and many completed additional specialty training at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. Their expertise means you receive targeted, appropriate care
  • Multidisciplinary approach
    A fully integrated team collaborates to deliver effective care, including discussing and coordinating cases in tumor boards and specialized clinics.
  • Advanced procedures
    The latest surgical techniques can deliver more effective care. Surgeons perform many genitourinary procedures using minimally invasive methods to support an easier, faster recovery.
  • Genetic counseling and testing
    Dedicated counselors can recommend tests to assess and possibly reduce your risk of developing cancer. Explore genetic counseling for cancer.
  • Personalized care
    Our relationship-driven approach supports your unique needs. Your nurse navigator provides dedicated support, and the entire care team takes the time to discuss your options and answer your questions.
Kidney Cancer and Bladder Cancer Symptoms

Early-stage kidney cancer usually don’t cause signs or symptoms. Bladder cancer symptoms include:

  • Blood in your urine (hematuria), though the blood may not be visible except in a lab test
  • Frequent or painful urination
Diagnosing Kidney Cancer and Bladder Cancer

Your doctor may conduct a physical exam to detect signs of kidney cancer or bladder cancer. If anything appears unusual, you may need further tests to make or confirm a diagnosis. We assess symptoms and diagnose kidney cancer and bladder cancer using:

Imaging tests

Your doctor may order one or more tests that create detailed pictures of your organs, including:

  • Computed tomography (CT): We take many X-rays from different angles to produce cross-sections of specific areas.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): This procedure uses magnetic fields and radio waves to generate images.
  • Ultrasound: We use high-frequency sound waves to produce images of structures in your body.

Other diagnostic procedures

We may also perform the following procedures to make or confirm a diagnosis:

  • Cystoscopy (or bladder scope): We use a thin, flexible tube to see inside parts of the urinary tract.
  • Biopsy: We remove tissue or sometimes fluid from the affected area and examine it under a microscope to check for signs of cancer.
  • Urinalysis and urine cytology: These lab tests check for blood and other substances in a urine sample.
  • Blood tests for bladder cancer: Bladder cancer can affect the levels of cells and certain chemicals in your blood. We may perform tests to check your blood chemistry or complete blood count (CBC).
  • Molecular tissue testing for bladder cancer: We analyze DNA in a tissue sample to find tumor-specific genes, proteins and other elements that can indicate bladder cancer.

Kidney Cancer and Bladder Cancer Treatment

We offer the full range of kidney cancer and bladder cancer treatments, including:

  • Surgical oncology to remove the tumor or affected organs. Learn more about cancer surgery.
  • Radiation oncology uses rays of energy to shrink the cancer or remove traces of cancer that remain after surgery. Explore radiation therapy.
  • Medical oncology, a group of treatments that use drugs and other substances to fight cancer cells. Read more about chemotherapy and other medical oncology.
  • Supportive care may include assistance from nurse navigators and social workers, along with therapies to reduce the side effects of treatment. Find out more about supportive therapies.

Advanced surgery for kidney cancer and bladder cancer

We can perform many surgeries using minimally invasive methods to help make your recovery faster and easier. These options include:

  • Laparoscopy: We make small incisions in the abdomen and use a thin, flexible instrument with a camera on the tip to guide the procedure.
  • Robotic surgery: Your surgeon uses a robotic system to assist in laparoscopic procedures. The robot allows us to operate using 3D vision and precise movements