Urinary Incontinence (Bladder Control)

Facing unexpected leaks? You're not alone. Urinary incontinence varies in severity but isn't just age-related. Don't let it dampen life's joys.

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What is urinary incontinence?

Urinary incontinence, often referred to as UI, is the involuntary loss of urine control. This can range from a minor dribble now and then, to severe, frequent wetting. While some might experience it temporarily due to specific health issues, for others, it becomes a long-term challenge. 

Importantly, UI is not a natural part of aging, although it's more common in older individuals. The fear of unexpected wetting can curtail social activities and even intimate relationships. Remember, it's a symptom and not a disease in itself. 

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What are the causes of urinary incontinence?

The underlying causes of UI can be varied:

  • Diseases or medications can bring about changes leading to UI.
  • Illnesses or infections might trigger it temporarily.
  • Pregnancy, childbirth and the hormonal shifts of menopause can weaken pelvic muscles leading to incontinence.
  • Other common causes include: aging, urinary tract infections, nerve damage and conditions like overactive bladder.
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What are the symptoms of urinary incontinence?

The hallmark of UI is the unintentional release of urine. The severity and nature of symptoms vary:

  • Some may experience a sudden urge followed by involuntary urine release.
  • Others might leak during activities that exert pressure on the bladder, like sneezing or lifting.
  • In severe cases, the urine may soak clothing or trickle down the legs.
  • Frequent bladder infections are another symptom to watch out for.
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Types of urinary incontinence, prevention and treatments options

  • Are there different types of urinary incontinence?

    Yes, several types of urinary incontinence exist, and it's not uncommon for individuals to experience more than one type:


    •  Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI): This is the most prevalent type, especially among women. It results in leakage during physical activities like coughing, laughing or exercising.
    • Urge Incontinence: Characterized by a sudden and strong need to urinate. Often, individuals can't reach a restroom in time. It's frequently seen in those with conditions such as diabetes, stroke and Parkinson's disease.
    • Functional Incontinence: Here, the individual has urine control but can't reach a restroom in time due to mobility issues or other functional disabilities.
    • Overflow Incontinence: This involves unexpected leakage due to an overfilled bladder.
    • Mixed Incontinence: As the name suggests, this is a combination of the types mentioned above.
  • How to prevent and manage urinary incontinence

    To mitigate the effects of UI:

    • Practice pelvic strengthening exercises like kegels.
    • Monitor and limit caffeine and alcohol intake.
    • Stay smoke-free.
    • Maintain a healthy weight.
    • Schedule regular bathroom trips.
    • Keep a bladder diary to identify and manage triggers.
  • Treatment options for urinary incontinence at Nuvance Health

    UI treatment is tailored to the individual, depending on the type and severity:

    • Behavioral Therapies: These include bladder training and scheduled toileting to regain bladder control.
    • Pelvic Muscle Rehabilitation: Techniques like kegel exercises, biofeedback and electrical stimulation strengthen pelvic muscles.
    • Medications: Specific medicines or hormone therapies might be prescribed, especially for post-menopausal women.
    • Surgery: Surgical interventions can be considered for severe cases or where structural problems are identified.
    • Dietary Changes: Reducing caffeine and alcohol and managing constipation can help.
    • Other Treatments: Options like adult diapers, catheters and pelvic organ slings are also available.

Why Choose Us?

Empathy meets expertise in bladder control.

Facing urinary incontinence? We're here for you. At Nuvance Health®, our compassionate team grasps the challenges of UI, especially in women. We don't just offer top-tier care; we journey with you, crafting personalized solutions for each individual experience. Ready to reclaim control and confidence? Let's partner together.

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